Car Specifications You Must Understand

Spread the love

For first-time car buyers or those that do not pay much attention to cars, it’s important to understand the meaning of specifications. All cars have specifications or features that attract buyers. It could be that it consumes less fuel, it’s about the power or the transmission among other things.

Understanding car specifications helps when you are planning to buy a car. Also, it helps you to ensure you maintain your vehicle correctly and not damage it.

If you do not look after your car correctly you can end up driving into the ground. We know you do not want this to happen to your vehicle. So ensure you understand these car specs and take care of your transport.


 This is one of the most common and basic specifications that you should understand about a car. The two driving systems are automatic and manual transmissions. When the dealer or manufacturer talks about the number of transmissions that a car has, they simply mean how many gears the car has and that you can use. Some cars will have five-speed transmission while others will have six and others four.

Tank Capacity

 Not all cars have the same fuel tank capacity. Some have more than others. While some have a capacity of 40 liters, others will have for 30 liters but what determines this? The size of the car and the type determines the duel capacity. The good thing about understanding the tank capacity specification is that you can have a budget for the fuel.

Car Displacement

 Every vehicle has cylinders otherwise known as chambers. The displacement defines the volume of these cylinders that could be 3, 4 or 6 and so on. It also indicates the amount of fuel a car consumes in a cycle. You can easily tell this by the figures mostly at the back of the car which appears as 3.0, 2.0, 1.8 or 1.0 among others. This is measured in cubic centimeters also known as cc. The higher the displacement the more fuel it consumes per cycle.


 There are three drivetrain systems that you can choose from. You can opt for Rear Wheel Drive (RWD), Front Wheel Drive (FWD) or Four Wheel Drive (4WD). When you opt for FWD, you choose for power to be applied to the front wheel while for 4WD, the power will be applied to all the wheel while for RWD, its sent to the rear wheels.


 The most common types of engines are petrol and diesel. Although these are the main ones, one can opt for electric hybrids. The one thing that differentiates these is the ignition system construction. Petrol engines must be fueled with petrol while diesel ones must be fueled with diesel. If a car is fueled with the wrong gas, this compromises the functionality of the engine.